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Does Ohio play fair? Or smart? When it comes to the number of dollars spent in subsidies, Ohio ranks the 12th cronyist.
The Mercatus Center recently illustrated how states rank in providing benefits to particular companies, rather than providing better opportunity for all companies.
Ohio’s neighboring states ranked 4th (Michigan), 5th (Kentucky), 7th (Indiana), and 11th (Pennsylvania) in the number of dollars spent on subsidies. Vernonique de Rugy used data from Subsidy Tracker 2.0, a project of Good Jobs First, to analyze how states compare.
De Rugy notes, “…established corporations, not small businesses or startups, are the overwhelming recipients of state benefits. Sometimes, subsidies are extended to subsidiary companies that appear small and unconnected at first glance.”
Good Jobs First has the breakdown of the top-ten recipients of subsidies in Ohio:
Do these subsidies really create jobs and economic growth though? “Targeted state subsidies to private businesses are often promoted as a “market-friendly” means to boost growth, jobs, and development. However, the empirical studies on state subsidies find that these programs have little to no effect in producing their intended goals,” according to de Rugy.
Subsidy Tracker 2.0 provides assistance in tracking subsidiary companies to their parent companies, providing a clearer picture of what companies receive the most benefits.
The State of Ohio has provided 7,201 subsidies totaling $4,135,021,231.00 (that’s $4.1 billion). These vary between grants, low-interest loans, and tax credits. Third Frontier, and Innovation Ohio are among the programs cited as sources for subsidies.
In addition to state agencies and initiatives, also contributing were the Cincinnati Ohio Economic Development, City of Cleveland Department of Economic Development, City of Toledo Department of Development, and Columbus Department of Development.
Nicole Kaeding and Chris Edwards of the Cato Institute commented in the 2014 Fiscal Report Card for governors that, “…many governors have supported narrow breaks to particular companies and industries, called ‘tax incentives.’ The Wall Street Journal called the increase in tax incentives a ‘tax-credit arms race.’”
Tags: cronyism, innovation ohio, Mercatus Center, Ohio, subsidies, third frontier, veroniqe de rugy
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